Amendment Bills in 113th session of Congress

 

H.J.RES.119 — Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections. (Introduced in House – IH)

HJ 119 IH

113th CONGRESS 2d Session H. J. RES. 119 Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESJuly 14, 2014Mr. DEUTCH (for himself, Ms. EDWARDS, Mr. MCGOVERN, Mr. LARSON of Connecticut, Mr. RANGEL, Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California, Ms. KAPTUR, Ms. SLAUGHTER, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Ms. DELAURO, Ms. NORTON, Mr. HASTINGS of Florida, Ms. LEE of California, Mr. HOLT, Ms. SCHAKOWSKY, Mr. THOMPSON of California, Mr. HONDA, Mr. LARSEN of Washington, Mr. GRIJALVA, Mr. RYAN of Ohio, Mr. VAN HOLLEN, Ms. MOORE, Mr. COHEN, Mr. SARBANES, Mr. WELCH, Mr. NOLAN, Mr. BEN RAY LUJAN of New Mexico, Mr. SCHRADER, Mr. TONKO, Mr. CICILLINE, Ms. DELBENE, Ms. TITUS, Ms. BROWNLEY of California, Mr. HECK of Washington, Mr. KILMER, Ms. MICHELLE LUJAN GRISHAM of New Mexico, Mr. SWALWELL of California, Mr. PAYNE, Ms. KUSTER, Mr. DOGGETT, Mr. PASCRELL, Mr. GRAYSON, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. BLUMENAUER, Mr. GENE GREEN of Texas, Mr. FATTAH, Mr. SHERMAN, Mr. HUFFMAN, Mr. HIMES, Mr. RUPPERSBERGER, Mr. POCAN, Mr. GARAMENDI, Mr. DEFAZIO, Ms. ESHOO, Mr. PRICE of North Carolina, Mr. JOHNSON of Georgia, Mr. BRADY of Pennsylvania, Mr. FARR, Ms. CLARK of Massachusetts, Mr. ISRAEL, Mr. SERRANO, Ms. SPEIER, Mr. LEWIS, Mr. BUTTERFIELD, Mr. DOYLE, Mr. CAPUANO, Mr. BISHOP of New York, Mr. KENNEDY, Ms. GABBARD, Ms. LOFGREN, Ms. MATSUI, Ms. HAHN, Mr. LANGEVIN, Ms. JACKSON LEE, Ms. SEWELL of Alabama, Mr. FOSTER, Ms. PELOSI, Mr. PALLONE, Mr. MEEKS, Ms. FUDGE, Mr. RICHMOND, Mr. ELLISON, Ms. WATERS, and Mr. ENGEL) introduced the following joint resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


JOINT RESOLUTION – Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein),

    That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:

`Article–

    `Section 1. To advance democratic self-government and political equality, and to protect the integrity of government and the electoral process, Congress and the States may regulate and set reasonable limits on the raising and spending of money by candidates and others to influence elections.
    `Section 2. Congress and the States shall have power to implement and enforce this article by appropriate legislation, and may distinguish between natural persons and corporations or other artificial entities created by law, including by prohibiting such entities from spending money to influence elections.
    `Section 3. Nothing in this article shall be construed to grant Congress or the States the power to abridge the freedom of the press.’.

 

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:HJ00119:|/home/LegislativeData.php|

 

S.J.RES.19 — Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections. (Reported in Senate – RS)

SJ 19 RS

Calendar No. 471 113th CONGRESS2d Session S. J. RES. 19 Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATESJune 18, 2013Mr. UDALL of New Mexico (for himself, Mr. BENNET, Mr. HARKIN, Mr. SCHUMER, Mrs. SHAHEEN, Mr. WHITEHOUSE, Mr. TESTER, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. COONS, Mr. KING, Mr. MURPHY, Mr. WYDEN, Mr. FRANKEN, Ms. KLOBUCHAR, Mr. UDALL of Colorado, Mr. JOHNSON of South Dakota, Mr. MENENDEZ, Mr. REED, Mr. BLUMENTHAL, Mr. HEINRICH, Mr. MERKLEY, Mrs. FEINSTEIN, Mr. BEGICH, Mr. CARDIN, Mrs. GILLIBRAND, Mrs. HAGAN, Ms. MIKULSKI, Ms. BALDWIN, Mr. MARKEY, Ms. WARREN, Mr. BROWN, Mr. WALSH, Mr. DURBIN, Mr. REID, Ms. HIRONO, Mr. CARPER, Mrs. MURRAY, Mr. SCHATZ, Mr. SANDERS, Mr. ROCKEFELLER, Ms. STABENOW, Mr. BOOKER, Ms. HEITKAMP, Mr. MANCHIN, Mrs. MCCASKILL, Ms. CANTWELL, and Mr. NELSON) introduced the following joint resolution; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

July 17, 2014Reported by Mr. LEAHY, with an amendment


JOINT RESOLUTION – Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein),

That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. To advance democratic self-government and political equality, and to protect the integrity of government and the electoral process, Congress and the States may regulate and set reasonable limits on the raising and spending of money by candidates and others to influence elections.

Section 2. Congress and the States shall have power to implement and enforce this article by appropriate legislation, and may distinguish between natural persons and corporations or other artificial entities created by law, including by prohibiting such entities from spending money to influence elections.

Section 3. Nothing in this article shall be construed to grant Congress or the States the power to abridge the freedom of the press.

Calendar No. 471

113th CONGRESS2d Session S. J. RES. 19 JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections.


July 17, 2014 Reported with an amendment

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:SJ00019:|/home/LegislativeData.php|

 

 

The following Bills were mentioned in the NJOCU 2014 Primary Ask (as of 2014-05-28).  The following explains how they relate(d) to each other, although some of this information is no longer valid as SJR-19 was amended on July 17, 2014 and HJR-119 was created as a new companion bill.

 

Companion Bills, an easy guide

There are:
House + Senate companions

-and-

Strategic companions

Below are shown side-by-side the two bills that would need to pass together in the House and Senate respectively to propose an amendment to the states for ratification.

Also note the two strategies, which each address both of the concepts at stake ~ i.e. Corporate personhood and the corrupting influence of money.  HJR-34 and SJR-11 (related bills) each address both issues within a single bill.

 

This two amendment strategy is supported by USPIRG, Free Speech for People

Adressing the right/responsibility to regulate elections and campaign finance

HJR-20  <–>  SJR-19  (SJR-19 is no longer a companion to HJR-20; but is now companioned with HJR-119)

Addressing the needed distinction that corporations are not people

HJR-21  <–>  SJR-18

 

 

This single bill (single amendment) strategy is supported by Public Citizen

Adressing the right/responsibility to regulate elections and campaign finance and the needed distinction that corporations are not people

HJR-34  <–>  SJR-11

 

Notably:  All three of the above-mentioned organizations have endorsed the new companion bills, H.J.Res. 119 and S.J.Res. 19, as THE single amendment solution addressing Both Problems described above. 

 

Help in remembering how they paired up:

Starting with HJR-20 House Bills go up… H.J.Res. <–> S.J.Res. 20 <–> 19 21 <–> 18 34 <–> 11
And starting with SJR-19 Senate Bills go down…

 

 

Text of Bills mentioned in the 2014 Congressional Primary Candidates Ask (as of 2014-05-28)

 

 

HJ 20 IH

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. J. RES. 20

 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 22, 2013

Mr. MCGOVERN (for himself, Ms. PINGREE of Maine, Mr. CAPUANO, Mr. COHEN, Mr. CICILLINE, Mr. HOLT, Mr. MICHAUD, Mr. DEFAZIO, Mr. LANGEVIN, and Ms. SHEA-PORTER) introduced the following joint resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures with respect to elections.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. To advance the fundamental principle of political equality for all, Congress shall have power to regulate the raising and spending of money and in-kind equivalents with respect to Federal elections, including through setting limits on–

(1) the amount of contributions to candidates for nomination for election to, or for election to, Federal office; and

(2) the amount of expenditures that may be made by, in support of, or in opposition to such candidates.

Section 2. To advance the fundamental principle of political equality for all, a State shall have power to regulate the raising and spending of money and in-kind equivalents with respect to State elections, including through setting limits on–

(1) the amount of contributions to candidates for nomination for election to, or for election to, State office; and

(2) the amount of expenditures that may be made by, in support of, or in opposition to such candidates.

Section 3. Congress shall have power to implement and enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

END

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c113:H.J.RES.20.IH:/

 

 

HJ 21 IH

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. J. RES. 21

 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 22, 2013

Mr. MCGOVERN (for himself, Mr. JONES, Ms. PINGREE of Maine, Mr. CAPUANO, Mr. COHEN, Mr. CICILLINE, Mr. FARR, Mr. DEFAZIO, and Ms. LEE of California) introduced the following joint resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to clarify the authority of Congress and the States to regulate corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. We the people who ordain and establish this Constitution intend the rights protected by this Constitution to be the rights of natural persons.

Section 2. The words people, person, or citizen as used in this Constitution do not include corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state, and such corporate entities are subject to such regulation as the people, through their elected State and Federal representatives, deem reasonable and are otherwise consistent with the powers of Congress and the States under this Constitution.

Section 3. Nothing contained herein shall be construed to limit the people’s rights of freedom of speech, freedom of the press, free exercise of religion, freedom of association and all such other rights of the people, which rights are unalienable.

END

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c113:./temp/~c113PHvQBJ

 

 

 

HJ 34 IH

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. J. RES. 34

 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 12, 2013

Mr. DEUTCH (for himself, Ms. CHU, Mr. HASTINGS of Florida, Mr. CICILLINE, Mr. DEFAZIO, Mr. ELLISON, Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California, Mr. MORAN, Ms. NORTON, Mr. PERLMUTTER, Ms. PINGREE of Maine, Mr. RANGEL, Ms. SCHAKOWSKY, Mr. SCHRADER, Mr. WAXMAN, Mr. WELCH, Ms. DELAURO, Mr. SARBANES, Mr. BLUMENAUER, Mr. KEATING, Ms. SLAUGHTER, Mr. ENGEL, Ms. FRANKEL of Florida, Mr. LARSON of Connecticut, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. LEWIS, Mr. GUTIERREZ, Mr. PASCRELL, Mr. GRAYSON, Mr. LOWENTHAL, Mr. RYAN of Ohio, Mr. CARTWRIGHT, and Ms. JACKSON LEE) introduced the following joint resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to restore the rights of the American people that were taken away by the Supreme Court’s decision in the Citizens United case and related decisions, to protect the integrity of our elections, and to limit the corrosive influence of money in our democratic process.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. Whereas the right to vote in public elections belongs only to natural persons as citizens of the United States, so shall the ability to make contributions and expenditures to influence the outcome of public elections belong only to natural persons in accordance with this Article.

Section 2. Nothing in this Constitution shall be construed to restrict the power of Congress and the States to protect the integrity and fairness of the electoral process, limit the corrupting influence of private wealth in public elections, and guarantee the dependence of elected officials on the people alone by taking actions which may include the establishment of systems of public financing for elections, the imposition of requirements to ensure the disclosure of contributions and expenditures made to influence the outcome of a public election by candidates, individuals, and associations of individuals, and the imposition of content neutral limitations on all such contributions and expenditures.

Section 3. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to alter the freedom of the press.

Section 4. Congress and the States shall have the power to enforce this Article through appropriate legislation.

END

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c113:./temp/~c113kxk2gv

SJ 11 IS

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. J. RES. 11

 

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 13, 2013

Mr. SANDERS introduced the following joint resolution; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to restore the rights of the American people that were taken away by the Supreme Court’s decision in the Citizens United case and related decisions, to protect the integrity of our elections, and to limit the corrosive influence of money in our democratic process.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. Whereas the right to vote in public elections belongs only to natural persons as citizens of the United States, so shall the ability to make contributions and expenditures to influence the outcome of public elections belong only to natural persons in accordance with this Article.

Section 2. Nothing in this Constitution shall be construed to restrict the power of Congress and the States to protect the integrity and fairness of the electoral process, limit the corrupting influence of private wealth in public elections, and guarantee the dependence of elected officials on the people alone by taking actions which may include the establishment of systems of public financing for elections, the imposition of requirements to ensure the disclosure of contributions and expenditures made to influence the outcome of a public election by candidates, individuals, and associations of individuals, and the imposition of content neutral limitations on all such contributions and expenditures.

Section 3. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to alter the freedom of the press.

Section 4. Congress and the States shall have the power to enforce this Article through appropriate legislation.

END

 

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c113:S.J.RES.11.IS:/

 

SJ 18 IS

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. J. RES. 18

 

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 18, 2013

Mr. TESTER (for himself and Mr. MURPHY) introduced the following joint resolution; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to clarify the authority of Congress and the States to regulate corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. We the people who ordain and establish this Constitution intend the rights protected by this Constitution to be the rights of natural persons.

Section 2. The words people, person, or citizen as used in this Constitution do not include corporations, limited liability companies or other corporate entities established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state, and such corporate entities are subject to such regulation as the people, through their elected State and Federal representatives, deem reasonable and are otherwise consistent with the powers of Congress and the States under this Constitution.

Section 3. Nothing contained herein shall be construed to limit the people’s rights of freedom of speech, freedom of the press, free exercise of religion, freedom of association and all such other rights of the people, which rights are unalienable.

END

 

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c113:./temp/~c113SYLEoO

 

 

 

SJ 19 IS

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. J. RES. 19

 

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 18, 2013

Mr. UDALL of New Mexico (for himself, Mr. BENNET, Mr. HARKIN, Mr. SCHUMER, Mrs. SHAHEEN, Mr. WHITEHOUSE, Mr. TESTER, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. COONS, Mr. KING, Mr. MURPHY, Mr. WYDEN, Mr. FRANKEN, Ms. KLOBUCHAR, and Mr. UDALL of Colorado) introduced the following joint resolution; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States:

Article–

Section 1. To advance the fundamental principle of political equality for all, and to protect the integrity of the legislative and electoral processes, Congress shall have power to regulate the raising and spending of money and in-kind equivalents with respect to Federal elections, including through setting limits on–

(1) the amount of contributions to candidates for nomination for election to, or for election to, Federal office; and

(2) the amount of funds that may be spent by, in support of, or in opposition to such candidates.

Section 2. To advance the fundamental principle of political equality for all, and to protect the integrity of the legislative and electoral processes, each State shall have power to regulate the raising and spending of money and in-kind equivalents with respect to State elections, including through setting limits on–

(1) the amount of contributions to candidates for nomination for election to, or for election to, State office; and

(2) the amount of funds that may be spent by, in support of, or in opposition to such candidates.

Section 3. Nothing in this article shall be construed to grant Congress the power to abridge the freedom of the press.

Section 4. Congress and the States shall have power to implement and enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

END

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c113:./temp/~c113SQ89Nq

 

HJ 29 IH            MOVE TO AMEND BACKED BILL             bill not specified in Ask

113th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. J. RES. 29

 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 14, 2013

Mr. NOLAN (for himself and Mr. POCAN) introduced the following joint resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States providing that the rights extended by the Constitution are the rights of natural persons only.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:

Article-

Section 1. The rights protected by the Constitution of the United States are the rights of natural persons only. Artificial entities, such as corporations, limited liability companies, and other entities, established by the laws of any State, the United States, or any foreign state shall have no rights under this Constitution and are subject to regulation by the People, through Federal, State, or local law. The privileges of artificial entities shall be determined by the People, through Federal, State, or local law, and shall not be construed to be inherent or inalienable.

Section 2. Federal, State and local government shall regulate, limit, or prohibit contributions and expenditures, including a candidate’s own contributions and expenditures, for the purpose of influencing in any way the election of any candidate for public office or any ballot measure. Federal, State and local government shall require that any permissible contributions and expenditures be publicly disclosed. The judiciary shall not construe the spending of money to influence elections to be speech under the First Amendment.

Section 3. Nothing contained in this amendment shall be construed to abridge the freedom of the press.

END   http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/C?c113:./temp/~c113Z2N6xT

Move To Amend is a very large well-respected bi-partisan Get Money Out group, but this bill still has no Senate companion.  The bill is provided here mostly for comparison purposes.  A complete list of amendment proposals is provided by United 4 the People.

 

 

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